Tuesday, July 14, 2015
The other day I got into a bus going to church, walked to the back of the bus and sat down. Was about to drift into my own thoughts when I started having a strange feeling I couldn't place, there was something not quite right about the bus!
I tried to place my finger on it - looked to the left, right and front at the other passengers talking animatedly; listening in on their conversations I felt a little more uncomfortable.
Suddenly, I couldn't take it any more, 'Is this bus going to church?' I asked desperately
'No, we're going to school', the teenage girl beside me replied.
I scrambled out of the bus - I had blended in with a group of teenagers going to school on a similar bus to the one I was to take to church!
According to a study conducted at Duke University's School of Medicine and centre for Ageing, the younger you look on the outside is a reflection of the state of ageing of your organs(biological ageing) - the older your biological age, the older you look.
For most adults, ageing on the inside proceeds at same rate with that on the outside, but your genes and where you stay may make you develop signs of ageing faster.
The study was done on 1000 people monitored from their birth in the early 70s till they were 38 years old. At 38 they had tests for kidney, liver function, blood pressure etc. It was discovered that at 38, some of them had a biological ageing of 58 year olds! While some (the youthful ones) had stopped getting older just as if their biological age was paused.
In essence those that had a biological age of 58 were looking much older than their peers and this was reflected in their organs.
So it might no longer be a compliment when people say you look older than your peers.
Are you team younger looking (like me) or team older looking?
image source: themovieslistwordpress.com
Monday, July 13, 2015
11th July 2015, the day Kazeem Lawal, an official of the traffic management authority, went to work directing traffic in a Lagos suburb, was his last day on duty.
Reports say Kazeem slumped and colleagues tried to revive him by pounding his chest and pouring water on him, all to no avail before he was rushed to the hospital.
He did not survive the trip.
We are not told his age but one can infer he should be between 30 and 45.
What could be the immediate and remote causes of this young man's death? Could it have been prevented? What can be done to prevent a further recurrence? let's consider this under the following:
1. His health condition
2. Conditions at work
3. Resuscitation efforts.
There are some likely conditions that could have led to his death
1. Cardiac arrest: This is a common cause of sudden death where the heart suddenly stops beating due to irregularities.
2. Dehydration/ heat exhaustion: Guess this is self explanatory considering our harsh weather.
2. Hypoglycaemia: A low blood sugar could also lead to death.
3. Hyperglycaemia: This is high blood sugar, also a cause of death.
4. Myocardial infarction (heart attack): This is caused by reduced blood flow to the heart.
The conditions at work are also important; from the report some staff had just been sacked putting pressure on the few remaining.
Some questions arising
1. How long is the shift for an average LASTMA official, do they work all day? How frequently do they have off days?
2. How are LASTMA officials recruited? Is there any pre employment check to rule out such conditions?
3. Are all cadres registered in hospitals for care? Is there any provision for routine screening maybe on a 6monthly or yearly basis owing to the nature of their work?
Resuscitation: Are LASTMA officials being taught the basics of resuscitation at scenes of accidents? Should they be pounding their colleague's chest and pouring water on him rather than doing the recommended cardiac compressions? Do they go for classes in resuscitation?
These are all important questions to be asked as they go a long way to prevent the next avoidable death.
Meanwhile I call on the amiable Lagos State Governor to order an autopsy to be done.
image source punchng.com
Sunday, July 12, 2015
Nigeria is a country that is unique in many ways, in the midst of extreme poverty lives extreme wealth; as varied as the topography of the country, is the economic power of the individuals.
Presently average life expectancy in Nigeria is put at 52 years (2012). Could where one resides and the amount of money in one's pocket determine how long a Nigerian is expected to live?
Should you move from where you presently reside and probably add 10-15 years to your life? Or should you adopt a more frugal lifestyle and add more years to your life?
According to this study, the answer to the above questions is yes.
From the study of 48,871 respondents, it was found that one's pocket and the geo-political zone one belongs to determines to a large extent one's mortality.
The study found out that:
If you stay in the South West and you are among the poorest people, your risk of dying is just 5% while if you are in the middle income group, it increases to 16%, while the richest group accounts for 43% of deaths!
For the South East, the values are 4%, 24% and 29% respectively.
In the South South, it is 8%, 24% and 24% respectively
In all cases in the south, the richer you are the more likely you are to die.
This is in sharp contrast to what obtains in the north:
If you stay in the North East and you are among the poorest people, your risk of dying is 51%, middle income group is 18% while richest is 2%
In North Central, it is 20%, 27% and 14% respectively
In North West, it is 31%, 18% and 8% respectively.
What does this mean?
1. In the North East, poverty is the major cause of death
2. In the southern part the richer you are, the more likely you are to die
3. You are likely to live long if you are a rich man in the north.
Do you agree with this? Why do you think this is so?
image source: artdiamondblog.com, thisdaylive.com
Friday, July 10, 2015
It is now no longer news that breast cancer is a major killer among women and the leading female cancer in the world; it is also no longer news that an increasing number of Nigerian women are developing breast cancer.
Gone are the days when one can shrug off cancer as an 'oyinbo' (western) disease.
The best way to fight cancer is to prevent it, but if one cannot prevent it, the next best is to catch it early as the chances of cure due to early intervention are very high.
To catch breast cancer early, one must do a breast self examination. However,
according to this study Nigerian women would rather not do a breast self examination.
Out of 495 women aged between 31 and 41 years interviewed, only a meagre 24.4% have ever performed breast self examination while only 5.3% perform breast self examination monthly as recommended, that comes to 26 out of 495 women! An alarming statistic, why is this?
As usual, the number one reason was 'it is not my portion', meaning they have no reason to be at risk or even think of being at risk. Equal to this were those that have no idea how self examination is done. The few that were aware were the highly educated women.
So what can be done to remedy this?
First is to go into the communities and teach these women.
Breast self examination should be taught in antenatal classes.
The mass media should be massively employed.
NGOs and charity organizations are also invaluable.
So what are your views on breast self examination?